Conference on: The Review of Peace Agreements/Initiative in the Horn of Africa

Foreword
The Horn of Africa has a lengthy history of both intra-state and inter-state conflicts. Over the years, numerous and various types of peace initiatives and agreements have been tried to mitigate and/or resolve them. There is an increasingly noticeable effort on the part of regional and international institutions aimed at peace building in the sub-region. While each peace effort has had its own success or failure, none has yet achieved success in building a stable subregion. Where a few peace agreements have managed to end or discontinue conflicts, they are mostly fragile and not durable. An overwhelming evidence suggests they have failed. As a result, the Horn continues to be one of the most unstable, conflict ridden sub-region in the continent, wherein inestimable human resources and physical capital are destroyed.

In light of the situation, InterAfrica Group (IAG), using specific case-studies, organized a conference on Peace Initiatives and Agreements (on 3-4 March, 2011) to create an opportunity for examining particular aspects of processes of peace negotiations and agreements that had yielded positive results or failed to deliver the expected outcome. The proceedings of the conference, and the appraisal of peace agreements, along with the peace process case-studies on Kenya, Sothern Somalia, Somaliland, Ethiopia and Eritrea and Sudan presented in this publication by the distinguished scholars, provide exhaustive analysis and profile of lessons learned and offer mutual grasp of peace building processes. Hence, I am confident the publication (albeit humbly) will contribute towards the general
endeavor of resolving conflicts and establishing sustainable peace in the Horn of Africa.

Inclosing, I would like to express the gratitude of IAG to Professor Medhane Tadesse; Dr. Solomon Dersso, Dr. Ibrahim Farah, Dr. Deredje Alemayehu, Mr. Daniel Mekonnen and Mr. Paulos Tesfagiorgis and Dr. Adam Djibril for presenting their valuable research papers.

Tamrat Kebede

InterAfrica Group, Executive Director

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